Key Education Policies and Frameworks in Ghana: Advancements in Addressing Unique Needs and Challenges

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Ghana’s education policies have evolved over the years to address the country’s specific needs and challenges. Here are some of the key education policies in Ghana:

  1. Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education (FCUBE): In 1996, Ghana introduced the FCUBE policy, which made basic education free and compulsory for all children aged 6-15 years. The aim of this policy was to increase access to education and reduce the number of out-of-school children in the country.
  2. Education Strategic Plan (ESP): The Education Strategic Plan is a comprehensive framework that outlines the strategic direction for education in Ghana. The ESP aims to provide quality education that is relevant and responsive to the needs of the country’s socio-economic development.
  3. Secondary Education Improvement Project (SEIP): The SEIP is a policy aimed at improving the quality of education at the secondary level. The project seeks to provide infrastructure and learning resources to schools, as well as improve teacher training and supervision.
  4. National Teacher Education Curriculum Framework (NTECF): The NTECF is a policy that aims to improve the quality of teacher education in Ghana. The framework provides guidelines for the design and delivery of teacher education programs and seeks to ensure that teachers are well-prepared to deliver quality education.
  5. Ghana Education Service (GES) Strategic Plan: The GES is responsible for the management and delivery of education in Ghana. The GES Strategic Plan outlines the strategic direction for the agency and seeks to improve the quality of education delivery, increase access to education, and enhance the agency’s capacity to perform its functions effectively.

These policies and frameworks are aimed at improving access to quality education in Ghana and ensuring that the education system is responsive to the needs of the country’s socio-economic development.

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